The junk wax era of sports cards was one of the most influential and defining periods in the history of the hobby. Beginning in the late 1980s and lasting until the early 1990s, the junk wax era saw an unprecedented boom in the production and sale of sports cards. However, this period was not without its issues, as the flood of cheaply produced cards drove down the value of the market and ultimately led to its demise. In this blog post, we'll explore the rise and fall of the junk wax era in sports cards and its effects on the hobby as a whole.
What is Junk Wax?
Junk wax is a term used to describe the era of sports cards production from roughly 1986 to 1994. It's called junk wax because of the overabundance of cards produced by Topps, Fleer, and Donruss, who were all the major card companies during this time period. This era was characterized by an unprecedented number of cards being printed, with production quantities reaching heights never seen before in the industry.
During this time, there were thousands of different cards being produced featuring players from all four major sports leagues (Baseball, Basketball, Football and Hockey). The most notable baseball cards of this era include Bo Jackson, Michael Jordan, Ken Griffey Jr., Shaquille O’Neal, and Derek Jeter. This era saw a massive influx of collectors who would buy boxes and boxes of cards, hoping to find rare gems that are now worth hundreds or even thousands of dollars.
However, because of the sheer quantity of cards being produced, most cards during this time have since become virtually worthless. That's why this era is known as the junk wax era; it's because so many cards were produced during this time that the value of all cards have since tanked.
How did the Junk Wax Era Start?
The Junk Wax Era began in the late 1980s and lasted until the mid-1990s, when sports card manufacturers flooded the market with huge amounts of cards. It was a golden age for collectors, as it seemed like you could find a new set of baseball, basketball, or football cards on store shelves every week.
The period saw an explosion of card sales, primarily driven by the introduction of rookie cards for superstars like Ken Griffey Jr. These cards were issued in massive quantities and soon took over the market. Companies like Upper Deck, Topps, and Fleer produced huge runs of cards each year, with millions upon millions of packs being sold.
The Junk Wax Era ushered in a new era for sports card collecting. With so many sets coming out, there was something for everyone. Whether you were a fan of basketball cards, football cards, or any other sport, chances are you could find what you wanted. Prices were low and the variety was immense. While the quality of some of the cards was questionable at times, the sheer amount of product available made up for any deficiencies.
The Junk Wax Era eventually ended when companies stopped producing such high quantities of cards and turned their focus to more premium releases. This ultimately led to higher prices and greater competition among companies as they sought to differentiate themselves. But despite its passing, the Junk Wax Era remains an important part of sports card collecting history.
The Decline of Junk Wax
The 1990s saw a dramatic spike in popularity for sports cards, thanks in part to the emergence of major stars like Ken Griffey Jr. While this increased demand was beneficial for card manufacturers, the vast majority of cards produced during the Junk Wax Era were of much lower quality than what we would expect today. Many of these cards were made with cheaper materials, had poor design elements, and lacked value beyond the cost of purchase. As a result, their prices dropped rapidly as the years went on, and collectors began to take notice.
In response to declining values and reduced demand, card manufacturers began to shift their production methods to focus more on quality than quantity. This meant more limited print runs and higher quality materials, resulting in higher value cards that were more sought-after by collectors. Many sets also featured autographs and other inserts that further added to the collectability of a particular set. As the decade drew to a close, it became clear that the Junk Wax Era was on its way out, leaving behind a legacy of baseball cards featuring stars like Ken Griffey Jr. and other all-time greats.
Where are Sports Cards Headed Now?
The Junk Wax Era has certainly made its mark on the sports card industry, but where are we headed now? One of the most popular and expensive cards of all time is the 1989 Upper Deck Ken Griffey Jr. rookie card. This card, and the subsequent rise in value of many other rookie cards from this era, have created a surge in the popularity of sports cards that are unlikely to wane any time soon.
However, collectors today are seeking higher-quality products with better images and a more secure way to store and protect their collections. We're now seeing the rise of premium products, such as 1-of-1s, autographs, patch cards, and graded cards. Manufacturers are also introducing new technologies, like digital content or blockchain, to further increase the security of their products and to ensure authenticity.
Sports card collecting is also becoming more mainstream. Professional athletes and celebrities are increasingly turning to sports cards as an investment opportunity and the secondary market is full of investors looking to buy and sell cards. Professional leagues and teams have also gotten involved with the hobby and have been releasing exclusive products through their own platforms.
The future looks bright for the sports card industry and it’s clear that collectors are embracing the changes that have come along with the post-Junk Wax Era. With high-end products, innovative technology, and increased awareness, there’s never been a better time to be a collector and enjoy all the benefits that come with it. So go ahead and add some Ken Griffey Jr. cards to your collection and watch your investments grow!